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Laws Addressing Equal Opportunity-Federally Funded Programs

  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a national law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability.
  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, national origin, sex, and religion.
  • The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. Covering all persons regardless of age participating in or seeking to participate in a federally funded program.
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance.
  • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a Federal law that protects persons from discrimination based on their race, color or national origin in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance.

Laws Addressing Equal Employment Opportunity

  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits employment discrimination against persons 40 years of age or older.
  • The Equal Pay Act prohibits employers and unions from paying different wages based on the employee's sex.
  • The American with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination based on a physical or mental handicap by employers.
  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, national origin, sex and religion.
  • Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), which prohibits genetic information discrimination in employment.
  • The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) forbids discrimination based on pregnancy when it comes to any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits, such as leave and health insurance, and any other term or condition of employment.

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